News & Media
CVB Financial Corp. Reports Earnings for the Second Quarter 2023
- Net Earnings of $55.8 million, or $0.40 per share
- Return on Average Tangible Common Equity of 18.39%
- Return on Average Assets of 1.36%
- Efficiency Ratio of 40.86%
- $126 million Deposit Growth QTR/QTR
ONTARIO, Calif., July 26, 2023 – CVB Financial Corp. (NASDAQ:CVBF) and its subsidiary, Citizens Business Bank (the “Company”), announced earnings for the quarter ended June 30, 2023.
CVB Financial Corp. reported net income of $55.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2023, compared with $59.3 million for the first quarter of 2023 and $59.1 million for the second quarter of 2022. Diluted earnings per share were $0.40 for the second quarter, compared to $0.42 for the prior quarter and $0.42 for the same period last year. The second quarter of 2023 included $500,000 in provision for credit losses, compared to $1.5 million in provision for the first quarter and $3.6 million in the second quarter of 2022. Net income of $55.8 million for the second quarter of 2023 produced an annualized return on average equity (“ROAE”) of 11.03%, an annualized return on average tangible common equity (“ROATCE”) of 18.39%, and an annualized return on average assets (“ROAA”) of 1.36%. Our net interest margin, tax equivalent (“NIM”), was 3.22% for the second quarter of 2023, while our efficiency ratio was 40.86%.
David Brager, President and Chief Executive Officer of Citizens Business Bank, commented, “We are pleased to present our second quarter results. Despite the challenging environment, the Bank continued to produce solid financial performance across our key operating metrics. We will continue to focus on executing on our core strategies and supporting our customers through these demanding times. I would like to thank our customers and associates for their commitment and loyalty.”
INCOME STATEMENT HIGHLIGHTS
Net Interest Income
Net interest income was $119.5 million for the second quarter of 2023. This represented a $6.2 million, or 4.93%, decrease from the first quarter of 2023, and a $2.4 million, or 1.97%, decrease from the second quarter of 2022. The $6.2 million quarter-over-quarter decline in net interest income was primarily due to a 0.23% decline in net interest margin. The decline in net interest income compared to the second quarter of 2022 was primarily due to a $593.1 million decrease in average earning assets, that was partially offset by a six basis point increase in the net interest margin.
Net Interest Margin
Our tax equivalent net interest margin was 3.22% for the second quarter of 2023, compared to 3.45% for the first quarter of 2023 and 3.16% for the second quarter of 2022. The 23 basis point decrease in our net interest margin compared to the first quarter of 2023, was primarily due to a 34 basis point increase in our cost of funds. Cost of funds increased in part due to a $555 million increase in short-term borrowings, which had an average cost of 4.90% during the second quarter of 2023. The cost of interest-bearing deposits increased by 49 basis points from the first quarter; however, our total cost of deposits and customer repurchases only increased by 18 basis points, as noninterest-bearing deposits were more than 63% of average deposits during the second quarter of 2023. Our interest-earning asset yield increased by 10 basis points over the prior quarter, primarily due to an 11 basis point increase in loan yields. The six basis point increase in net interest margin, compared to the second quarter of 2022 was the net result of an 81 basis point increase in earning asset yield, offset by a 79 basis point increase in cost of funds. Loan yields grew from 4.31% for the second quarter of 2022 to 5.01% for the second quarter of 2023. Likewise, the yield on investment securities increased by 44 basis points from the prior year quarter. Loan balances grew to 59.41% of earning assets on average for the second quarter of 2023, compared to 55.49% for the second quarter of 2022, while our average balance at the Fed declined from 5.1% of earning assets in the second quarter of 2022 to 2.3% in the second quarter of 2023. Total cost of funds of 0.83% for the second quarter of 2023 increased from 0.04% for the year ago quarter. This 79 basis point increase in cost of funds was the result of an 87 basis point increase in the cost of interest-bearing deposits and an average cost of 4.90% on $1.53 billion of short-term borrowings for the second quarter of 2023. On average, noninterest-bearing deposits were 63.58% of total deposits during the most recent quarter, compared to 63.65% for the first quarter of 2023 and 62.96% for the second quarter of 2022.
Earning Assets and Deposits
On average, earning assets grew by $164.8 million, compared to the first quarter of 2023, while declining by $593.1 million when compared to the second quarter of 2022. The $164.8 million quarter-over-quarter increase in earning assets resulted from a $310.2 million increase in average earning balances due from the Federal Reserve, offset by average investment securities declining by $73.1 million and average loans decreasing by $70.9 million. Compared to the second quarter of 2022, average loans increased by $257.8 million, while the average balance of investment securities declined by $414.4 million, and the average amount of funds held at the Federal Reserve declined by $450.1 million. Noninterest-bearing deposits declined on average by $269.2 million, or 3.33%, from the first quarter of 2023, while interest-bearing deposits and customer repurchase agreements declined on average by $195.1 million. Compared to the second quarter of 2022, total deposits and customer repurchase agreements declined on average by $1.95 billion, or 13.24%, including a decline of $1.1 billion in noninterest-bearing deposits.
Provision for Credit Losses
The second quarter of 2023 included $500,000 in provision for credit losses, compared to a $1.5 million in provision for credit losses in the first quarter of 2023 and $3.6 million in the second quarter of 2022. The year-to-date provision for credit losses of $2.0 million was the result of an overall increase in projected loss rates from 0.94% at the end of 2022 to 0.98% at June 30, 2023. The increase in projected loss rates continues to be driven primarily by a deteriorating economic forecast that assumes modest GDP growth through 2024, as well as lower commercial real estate values and an increase in the rate of unemployment.
Noninterest income was $12.7 million for the second quarter of 2023, compared with $13.2 million for the first quarter of 2023 and $14.7 million for the second quarter of 2022. Service charges on deposits decreased by $506,000, or 9.47% over the first quarter of 2023 and declined by $495,000, or 9.28% in comparison to the second quarter of 2022. Trust and investment services income grew by $401,000 compared to the first quarter of 2023 and increased by $353,000 year-over-year. The second quarter of 2023 included approximately $800,000 in death benefits that exceeded the asset value of certain BOLI policies, and approximately $100,000 in swap fees for transitioning swaps out of LIBOR, partially offset by a $475,000 decrease in CRA investment income due to underlying asset valuation declines. The first quarter of 2023 included approximately $500,000 in interest rate swap related fees for the conversion of instruments from LIBOR to SOFR and the recapture of a previous impairment charge of $500,000, as a result of the payoff of a CRA investment that was previously identified as impaired. Compared to the second quarter of 2022, BOLI income increased $1.5 million due to valuation changes and death benefits that exceeded policy values. Income related to CRA investments declined by $716,000 compared to the year ago quarter. The second quarter of 2022 also included $2.7 million in net gains on the sale of properties associated with our banking centers.
Noninterest expense for the second quarter of 2023 was $54.0 million, compared to $54.9 million for the first quarter of 2023 and $50.9 million for the second quarter of 2022. The second quarter of 2023 included $400,000 in provision for unfunded loan commitments, compared to $500,000 in provision for the first quarter of 2023 and no provision for the second quarter of 2022. The $1.7 million quarter-over-quarter decrease in salaries and employee benefit costs was primarily due to the higher payroll taxes typically incurred in the first quarter of each year. The $866,000 quarter-over-quarter increase in professional services included increases of $357,000 in legal expense and $228,000 in other professional services due to the timing of various projects. The $3.1 million increase in noninterest expense year-over-year included an increase of $2.0 million in salaries and employee benefits and a $785,000 increase in FDIC assessments. As a percentage of average assets, noninterest expense was 1.32% for the second quarter of 2023, compared to 1.36% for the first quarter of 2023 and 1.20% for the second quarter of 2022. The efficiency ratio for the second quarter of 2023 was 40.86%, compared to 39.50% for the first quarter of 2023 and 37.24% for the second quarter of 2022.
Our effective tax rate for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 and year-to-date was 28.20%, compared with 28.10% for the second quarter of 2022. Our estimated annual effective tax rate can vary depending upon the level of tax-advantaged income as well as available tax credits.
BALANCE SHEET HIGHLIGHTS
The Company reported total assets of $16.48 billion at June 30, 2023. This represented an increase of $210.5 million, or 1.29%, from total assets of $16.27 billion at March 31, 2023. Interest-earning assets of $14.94 billion at June 30, 2023 increased by $136.8 million, or 0.92%, when compared with $14.80 billion at March 31, 2023. The increase in interest-earning assets was primarily due a $322.2 million increase in interest-earning balances due from the Federal Reserve, partially offset by a $159.6 million decrease in investment securities and a $35.1 million decrease in total loans.
Total assets increased by $8.0 million, or 0.05%, from total assets of $16.48 billion at December 31, 2022. Interest-earning assets of $14.94 billion at June 30, 2023 decreased by $36.1 million, or 0.24%, when compared with $14.97 billion at December 31, 2022. The decrease in interest-earning assets was primarily due to a $228.7 million decrease in investment securities and a $172.0 million decrease in total loans, partially offset by a $341.8 million increase in interest-earning balances due from the Federal Reserve.
Total assets at June 30, 2023 decreased by $275.4 million, or 1.64%, from total assets of $16.76 billion at June 30, 2022. Interest-earning assets decreased by $344.3 million, or 2.25%, when compared with $15.28 billion at June 30, 2022. The decrease in interest-earning assets included a $457.6 million decrease in investment securities and a $136.4 million decrease in interest-earning balances due from the Federal Reserve, partially offset by a $215.2 million increase in total loans. The increase in total loans from June 30, 2022, included a $61.9 million decrease in PPP loans with a remaining outstanding balance totaling $5.0 million as of June 30, 2023. Excluding PPP loans, total loans increased by $277.1 million from June 30, 2022.
Total investment securities were $5.58 billion at June 30, 2023, a decrease of $228.7 million, or 3.94%, from $5.81 billion at December 31, 2022 and a decrease of $457.6 million, or 7.58%, from $6.04 billion at June 30, 2022.
At June 30, 2023, investment securities held-to-maturity (“HTM”) totaled $2.51 billion, a decrease of $41.6 million, or 1.63%, from December 31, 2022 and a $100.4 million increase, or 4.16%, from June 30, 2022.
At June 30, 2023, investment securities available-for-sale (“AFS”) totaled $3.07 billion, inclusive of a pre-tax net unrealized loss of $497.7 million. AFS securities decreased by $187.1 million, or 5.75%, from $3.26 billion at December 31, 2022 and decreased by $558.0 million, or 15.39%, from June 30, 2022.
In June of 2023, fair value hedging transactions were executed in which $1 billion notional pay-fixed interest rate swaps were consummated with maturities ranging from four to five years, wherein the Company pays a weighted average fixed rate of approximately 3.8% and receives daily SOFR. The fair value of these instruments totaled approximately $8 million on June 30, 2023.
Combined, the AFS and HTM investments in mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”) and collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMO”) totaled $4.54 billion or approximately 81% of our total investment securities at June 30, 2023. Virtually all of our MBS and CMOs are issued or guaranteed by government or government-sponsored enterprises, which have the implied guarantee of the U.S. Government. In addition, at June 30, 2023, we held $538.9 million of Government Agency securities (HTM) that represent approximately 9.7% of the total investment securities.
Our combined AFS and HTM municipal securities totaled $496.6 million as of June 30, 2023, or approximately 8.9% of our total investment portfolio. These securities are located in 35 states. Our largest concentrations of holdings by state, as a percentage of total municipal bonds, are located in Texas at 15.84%, Minnesota at 11.20%, California at 9.53%, Ohio at 6.30%, Massachusetts at 6.25%, and Washington at 5.79%.
Total loans and leases, at amortized cost of $8.91 billion at June 30, 2023, decreased by $35.1 million, or 0.39%, from March 31, 2023. The quarter-over quarter decrease in core loans included decreases of $46.2 million in commercial real estate loans, $15.2 million in construction loans, $4.6 million in SBA loans, and $16.1 million in consumer and other loans, partially offset by an increase of $58.1 million in commercial and industrial loans.
Total loans and leases, at amortized cost, decreased by $172.0 million, or 1.89%, from December 31, 2022. After adjusting for seasonality of dairy & livestock and PPP loans, our core loans declined by $31.9 million, or 0.37%, from December 31, 2022. The $172.0 million decrease in total loans included decreases of $136.0 million in dairy & livestock loans, $19.4 million in construction loans, $12.0 million in SBA loans, $4.1 million in PPP loans, and $21.8 million in consumer and other loans, partially offset by increases of $19.1 million in commercial real estate loans, and $7.6 million in commercial and industrial loans. Commercial and industrial line utilization was 31% at June 30, 2023, compared to 33% at the end of 2022. The decline in dairy & livestock loans primarily relates to the seasonal peak in line utilization at the end of every calendar year, demonstrated by a decline in utilization from 78% at December 31, 2022 to 68% at June 30, 2023.
Total loans and leases, at amortized cost, increased by $215.2 million, or 2.48%, from June 30, 2022. After adjusting for PPP loans, our core loans grew by $277.1 million, or 3.21%, from the end of the second quarter of 2022. Commercial real estate loans grew by $260.5 million, dairy & livestock and agribusiness loans grew by $24.7 million, commercial and industrial loans increased $14.6 million, municipal lease financings increased by $13.4 million, and SFR mortgage loans increased by $3.0 million. This core loan growth was partially offset by decreases of $18.2 million in SBA loans and $29.1 million in consumer and other loans.
During the second quarter of 2023, we experienced credit charge-offs of $88,000 and total recoveries of $15,000, resulting in net charge-offs of $73,000. The allowance for credit losses (“ACL”) totaled $87.0 million at June 30, 2023, compared to $86.5 million at March 31, 2023 and $80.2 million at June 30, 2022. The ACL was increased by $1.9 million in 2023, including a $2.0 million provision for credit losses. At June 30, 2023, ACL as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding was 0.98%. This compares to 0.97% and 0.92% at March 31, 2023 and June 30, 2022, respectively.
Nonperforming loans, defined as nonaccrual loans, including modified loans on nonaccrual, plus loans 90 days past due and accruing interest, and nonperforming assets, defined as nonperforming loans plus OREO, are highlighted below.
The $279,000 increase in nonperforming loans from March 31, 2023 was primarily due to an increase of $525,000 in commercial real estate loans. Classified loans are loans that are graded “substandard” or worse. Classified loans increased $10.9 million quarter-over-quarter, primarily due to a $9.7 million increase in classified commercial real estate loans and a $6.1 million increase in classified dairy & livestock and agribusiness loans, partially offset by a $4.4 million decrease in classified commercial and industrial loans.
Deposits & Customer Repurchase Agreements
Deposits of $12.40 billion and customer repurchase agreements of $452.3 million totaled $12.85 billion at June 30, 2023. This represented an increase of $125.7 million in deposits and a decrease of $37.9 million in customer repurchases compared to March 31, 2023. Deposits and customer repurchase agreements declined by $551.8 million, or 4.12%, when compared with $13.40 billion at December 31, 2022. Total deposits and customer repurchase agreements decreased $1.73 billion, or 11.84% when compared with $14.58 billion at June 30, 2022. Higher interest rates that have resulted from the Federal Reserve’s significant increase in the federal funds rate over the last year have continued to impact deposit levels, including approximately $550 million of funds on deposit at the end of 2022 that were transferred from the Bank’s balance sheet to be invested by Citizens Trust in higher yielding instruments such as treasury notes.
Noninterest-bearing deposits were $7.88 billion at June 30, 2023, an increase of $34.5 million, or 0.44%, when compared to $7.84 billion at March 31, 2023. Noninterest-bearing deposits decreased $285.6 million, or 3.50% when compared to $8.16 billion at December 31, 2022, and decreased $1.0 billion, or 11.29%, when compared to $8.88 billion at June 30, 2022. At June 30, 2023, noninterest-bearing deposits were 63.55% of total deposits, compared to 63.92% at March 31, 2023, 63.60% at December 31, 2022, and 63.11% at June 30, 2022.
As of June 30, 2023, total short-term borrowings, consisted of $695 million of one-year advances from the Federal Reserve’s Bank Term Funding Program, at a cost of 4.7% and $800 million of short-term Federal Home Loan Bank advances, at an average cost of approximately 5%.
The Company’s total equity was $2.00 billion at June 30, 2023. This represented an overall increase of $52.9 million from total equity of $1.95 billion at December 31, 2022. Increases to equity included $115.0 million in net earnings and a $9.9 million increase in other comprehensive income. At the end of the second quarter of 2023, we entered into pay-fixed rate swaps to mitigate the risks of rising interest rates. This resulted in a fair value remeasurement of this swap derivative of $7.8 million at June 30, 2023, resulting in an increase in other comprehensive income. Decreases from December 31, 2022 included $55.8 million in cash dividends. We engaged in no stock repurchases during the second quarter of 2023, compared to the first quarter of 2023, when we repurchased, under our 10b5-1 stock repurchase plan, 791,800 shares of common stock, at an average repurchase price of $23.43, totaling $18.5 million. This 10b5-1 plan expired on March 2, 2023 and no new plan has been put in place since that time. Our tangible book value per share at June 30, 2023 was $8.74.
Our capital ratios under the revised capital framework referred to as Basel III remain well-above regulatory standards.
As of June 30, 2023 CitizensTrust had approximately $3.61 billion in assets under management and administration, including $2.41 billion in assets under management. Revenues were $3.3 million for the second quarter of 2023 and $6.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2023, compared to $3.0 million and $5.8 million, respectively, for the same periods of 2022. CitizensTrust provides trust, investment and brokerage related services, as well as financial, estate and business succession planning.
CVB Financial Corp. (“CVBF”) is the holding company for Citizens Business Bank. CVBF is one of the 10 largest bank holding companies headquartered in California with over $16 billion in total assets. Citizens Business Bank is consistently recognized as one of the top performing banks in the nation and offers a wide array of banking, lending and investing services with more than 60 banking centers and 3 trust office locations serving California.
Shares of CVB Financial Corp. common stock are listed on the NASDAQ under the ticker symbol “CVBF”. For investor information on CVB Financial Corp., visit our Citizens Business Bank website at www.cbbank.com and click on the “Investors” tab.
Management will hold a conference call at 7:30 a.m. PDT/10:30 a.m. EDT on Thursday, July 27, 2023 to discuss the Company’s second quarter 2023 financial results. The conference call can be accessed live by registering at: https://register.vevent.com/register/BI330d7e9b6832431083833dedd79e1141.
The conference call will also be simultaneously webcast over the Internet; please visit our Citizens Business Bank website at www.cbbank.com and click on the “Investors” tab to access the call from the site. Please access the website 15 minutes prior to the call to download any necessary audio software. This webcast will be recorded and available for replay on the Company’s website approximately two hours after the conclusion of the conference call and will be available on the website for approximately 12 months.
Certain statements set forth herein constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “will likely result”, “aims”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “could”, “estimates”, “expects”, “hopes”, “intends”, “may”, “plans”, “projects”, “seeks”, “should”, “will,” “strategy”, “possibility”, and variations of these words and similar expressions help to identify these forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or performance to differ materially from those projected. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on the Company including, without limitation, plans, strategies, goals, and statements about the Company’s outlook regarding revenue and asset growth, financial performance and profitability, capital and liquidity levels, loan and deposit growth and retention, yields and returns, loan diversification and credit management, stockholder value creation, tax rates, the impact of economic developments, and the impact of acquisitions we have made or may make. Such statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and are generally beyond the control of the Company, and there can be no assurance that future developments affecting the Company will be the same as those anticipated by management. The Company cautions readers that a number of important factors, in addition to those set forth below could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, such forward-looking statements.
General risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the following: the strength of the United States economy in general and the strength of the local economies in which we conduct business; the effects of, and changes in, trade, monetary, and fiscal policies and laws, including interest rate policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; inflation/deflation, interest rate, market, and monetary fluctuations; the effect of acquisitions we have made or may make, including, without limitation, the failure to obtain the necessary regulatory approvals, the failure to achieve the expected revenue growth and/or expense savings from such acquisitions, and/or the failure to effectively integrate an acquisition target and key personnel into our operations; the timely development of competitive new products and services and the acceptance of these products and services by new and existing customers; the impact of changes in financial services policies, laws, and regulations, including those concerning taxes, banking, securities, and insurance, and the application thereof by regulatory bodies; the effectiveness of our risk management framework and quantitative models; changes in the level of our nonperforming assets and charge-offs; the transition away from USD LIBOR and uncertainties regarding potential alternative reference rates, including SOFR; the effect of changes in accounting policies and practices or accounting standards, as may be adopted from time-to-time by bank regulatory agencies, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other accounting standards setters; possible credit related impairments or declines in the fair value of loans and securities held by us; possible impairment charges to goodwill; changes in customer spending, borrowing, and savings habits; the effects of our lack of a diversified loan portfolio, including the risks of geographic and industry concentrations; periodic fluctuations in commercial or residential real estate prices or values; our ability to attract or retain deposits or to access government or private lending facilities and other sources of liquidity; the possibility that we may reduce or discontinue the payment of dividends on our common stock; changes in the financial performance and/or condition of our borrowers; changes in the competitive environment among financial and bank holding companies and other financial service providers; technological changes in banking and financial services; geopolitical conditions, including acts or threats of terrorism, actions taken by the United States or other governments in response to acts or threats of terrorism, and/or military conflicts, which could impact business and economic conditions in the United States and abroad; catastrophic events or natural disasters, including earthquakes, drought, climate change or extreme weather events that may affect our assets, communications or computer services, customers, employees or third party vendors; public health crises and pandemics, and their effects on the economic and business environments in which we operate, including on our credit quality, business operations, and employees, as well as the impact on general economic and financial market conditions; cybersecurity threats and the costs of defending against them, including the costs of compliance with potential legislation to combat cybersecurity at a state, national, or global level; our ability to recruit and retain key executives, board members and other employees, and changes in employment laws and regulations; unanticipated regulatory or legal proceedings or outcomes; and our ability to manage the risks involved in the foregoing. Additional factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements are discussed in the Company’s 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC and available at the SEC’s Internet site (http://www.sec.gov).
The Company does not undertake, and specifically disclaims any obligation, to update any forward-looking statements to reflect occurrences or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements, except as required by law. Any statements about future operating results, such as those concerning accretion and dilution to the Company’s earnings or shareholders, are for illustrative purposes only, are not forecasts, and actual results may differ.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures — Certain financial information provided in this presentation has not been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and is presented on a non-GAAP basis. Investors and analysts should refer to the reconciliations included in this presentation and should consider the Company’s non-GAAP measures in addition to, not as a substitute for or as superior to, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. These measures may or may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.